Indigenous Resources Pack Contents – Stone Tools


As they are made from natural, sticks etc…they will all look different to the one pictured. Grindstones will vary etc.

Please ensure Stone tool sets have adult supervision


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2014 resources pack stickers

Stone Axe making Activity

…Applicable to……………

…Essential Learnings

..Information, materials and systems..resources


Use math to make necessary calculations for measurements, numbers, or equivalents as necessary for project completion.

aka: rubbing a flattish rock on a good flat rock with sand and water or a concrete tile/s

just how many goes do they get to make a stone axe/s, maybe 3000 rubs , 30 kids a hundred rubs each over a week? hhmmmmmm…… groups of 2,3 or 4…..?



Read information on materials related to the project. Write steps, summaries, outlines, scientific procedures etc for project.

Reports, presentations, posters, computer-generated brochures or publications.


Aboriginal Stone Tool Making Workshop…Contents

Rounded stones (Hammer and/or anvil stones)for striking sharp blades from larger rocks (cores) and shaping stone axe blades (knapping)
For cracking open nuts both as a hammer and anvil. After a while a small depression/s will be worn into the anvil stone to hold the
nuts more securely.
Top stone for grinding seeds on the grindstone and for crushing and grinding ochres.
Grindstone for smoothing timber artefacts and sharpening stone axes. Use as a bowl for crushing and grinding ochres. Use smaller sandstone pebbles to
 smooth wooden artefacts. Keep wet when stone axe making & sprinkle in a little sand to aid grinding. Do not drop. Do not use as an anvil or
hit the grindstone as it will crack. Robust but replacements are available.

Sharp flakes for stone knife blades and scrapers. Silica cores to strike new scrapers etc using the hammer stones.

Assembled stone axe model showing the technique.
Use split green saplings, slowly and patiently bend them in half using heat from a fire to soften the stick, or hot water works well.
Insert the stone axe head to best position and tie off tightly with bark strips or bark string or alternative.
Plug around the join with bees wax supplied or identify local tree saps.


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